There are some jobs that we don't hear about on a day-to-day basis, but are both really interesting and getting investment from the government. This means that once we leave school and enter the workplace there's a greater chance we'll be able to enter the industry more easily (with the right skills and qualifications!). Keep on reading to find out more about what jobs are out there and how you can go about bagging yourself one.
Artificial Intelligence Engineer
An Artificial Intelligence (AI) Engineer helps us to be more comfortable around technology. AI is one of the most exciting fields of technological study, giving computers the ability to ‘think’, ‘learn’ and adapt when faced with a host of data. Al is a computer science discipline for developing machines or software exhibiting human intelligence.
There is no direct route into AI, however it's good to acquaint yourself Python, the most favourable artificial intelligence programming language and having a good knowledge calculus and algebra is useful.
Statisticians work to analyse and display quantitative data, helping companies to make sense of their data and spot trends and make predictions. Most colleges and universities offer undergraduate and graduate degree programs in statistics, however you don't necessarily need a statistics degree to enter a graduate programme. Instead, you'll need a numerate qualification, for example economics or maths.
You'll need to be good at critical thinking, problem solving and analytical thinking, as well as having the ability to present your findings to others less well-versed in statistics.
An energy engineer, also known as a energy systems engineering, deals with energy efficiency. Examples of things that a energy engineer would do include extraction of oil and gas, as well as work with renewable or sustainable sources of energy, such as biofuels, hydro, wind and solar power. Energy engineers could be based in an office, laboratory or on-site.
To become an energy engineer you need to have an engineering or scientific-related degree, with subjects including earth sciences, renewable/sustainable energy, environmental engineering or chemical engineering. You'll also need a general understanding of the energy market and knowledge of the relevant legislation surrounding energy efficiency and carbon emissions, alongside good written and oral communication skills.
Bioinformatics involves the use of computers to collect, organise and use biological information to answer questions in fields like evolutionary biology. To become a bioinformatic would could need to complete a undergraduates degree, and many bioinformaticians have postgraduate qualifications. You can now apply to some universities to undertake a bioinformatics degree, however degrees in computer science, computational biology or data science are also relevant. Alongside an interest in and knowledge of molecular biology, you'll also need a knowledge of data management tools, programming languages and the analytical/statistical tools used.
A materials scientist is someone who studies and analyses the chemical properties and structure of different man-made and natural materials. They generally work in both offices and laboratories. Those aspiring to be materials scientists must have, at minimum, a bachelor's degree, most commonly in materials science and materials engineering. You would need to be able to work with others, communicate your ideas orally and in writing, and have an interest in scientific and technical issues.
A microbiologist is someone who studies microscopic organisms such as algae, bacteria and fungi. They mostly study organisms that course diseases and environmental damage, industrial or agricultural interest. They also study the characteristics of non-living pathogens, such as viruses and prions.
Their work can be relevant in a variety of settings including: hospitals; agriculture; pharmaceuticals; biotechnology; the environment. Courses such as biological sciences or applied biology provide a wide-ranging background prior to having to make your choice about a specialist area.